With a maximum speed of 211 mph at sea level and a cruise speed of 130 mph, the Stuka was a formidable dive bomber. It was powered by a Junkers Jumo 211Da V12 engine that produced 1,200HP. How Do Airplanes Avoid Getting Struck by Lightning? However, the Caproni Ca.135 was used by Peru and Hungary. This was higher than any other air force at the time. of bombs, and a dive brake modification. This led to all 64 of them leaving the Regia Aeronautica Italiana in 1941 without seeing combat. There are a total of [ 58 ] WW2 Italian Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). For the latter, the Ro.57 was fitted with dual 20mm cannons, a provision for 1,100 lbs. These modified transport aircraft replaced the four-engine Piaggio P.108 bombers, which although more suite… This mission was the longest of those carried out in total autonomy of flight among all the belligerent aircraft in European and Eastern theaters of operation during WW2. It was operated by a crew of six and could achieve a maximum speed of 210 mph, a cruising speed of 160 mph, a service ceiling of 23,000 feet, and a range of 930 miles. It had an armament of two 12.7 mm machine guns, two optional 7.7 mm laterally mounted machine guns, and it could carry up to 2,645 lbs of bombs. Overall, these numbers meant little in the war, and almost no other results were recorded by Italian bombers. It was powered by a pair of Fiat A.80 R.C.41 eighteen-cylinder radial piston air-cooled engines. This lightweight construction and powerful powerplant made it one of the best performing bombers of the Regia Aeronautica Italiana. It was initially developed as a civilian airliner in 1934, and it was constructed with welded steel tubes with metal and fabric coverings. The IMAM R0.57bis had a service ceiling of 25,600 ft and a range of 750 miles. In Japan, the Cicogna was acquired to supplement and ultimately replace the aging fleet of Mitsubishi Ki-1. The CANT Z.506 was a tri-engine floatplane that served as a reconnaissance plane and a torpedo bomber. Primarily used for evaluation. But the development of the fascist corporate state in the 1920s saw a revival of the influence of the Army. Italian Bomber Down. It was also used as a torpedo bomber with slight modification. It was operated by a crew of three and could achieve a maximum speed of 191 mph, a service ceiling of 24,300 feet, and a range of 1,000 miles. In the later years of the war, the SM.81 remained unchanged and suffered due to advancements in allied aircraft. Also included are those aircraft having joined the Italian air service inventory after the 1943 surrender. Some types of bombs employed by Italian aircrafts in first phase of the war. Italian Blackshirts at Makala, Abyssinia, December 11, 1935. The Cicogna had earned a reputation as a solid and reliable performer during the Spanish Civil War. Meanwhile, the Italian National Republican Air Force continued fighting against the Allies till the last months of 1945, and the Italian co-belligerant Air Force begun operation against the Nazi forces in the Balkans. From 1923, the Italian Royal Air Force was established as an independent service of the Royal Italian Armed Forces. Size is about 4" x 6". It was also used by the German Luftwaffe. The Fiat BR.20 Cicogna (Italian for Stork) was a low altitude medium bomber that entered service in 1936. The Caproni Ca.133 was a tri engine bomber/transport operated by the Regia Aeronautica between 1935 and 1948. Later models came powered by a larger, more powerful 750HP Alfa Romeo 126 RC.34 engine. Italy - Italy - World War II: Only in June 1940, when France was about to fall and World War II seemed virtually over, did Italy join the war on Germany’s side, still hoping for territorial spoils. It featured a low-wing cantilever conventional design that was directly derived from the Ca.310 bomber. The Stuka enjoyed considerable success in its use as a close air support aircraft. A substantial proportion of Italian combat aircraft production was devoted to twin-engined and tri-motor medium bombers, but of the 13,253 military aircraft of all types produced in the years 1939--43 inclusive, only 163 were four-engined heavy bombers, and after several relatively abortive attempts at strategic bombing, the Regia Aeronautica confined its bombing forces to tactical duties. It proved quite effective in the Ethiopian campaign and the Spanish Civil War. I have divided the great bombers of WW II into general categories (heavy, medium and light). BOMBING ITALY: ALLIED STRATEGIES, 1940 -1945 PREPARING FOR BOMBING: ITALY 1922 -1940 THE ITALIAN STATE AND BOMBING, 1940 -1945 THE ANGLO -AMERICAN BOMBING OF ITALY: EFFECTS The bombing of Italian cities began a little more than 24 hours after Mussolini's declarati on of war The Regia Aeronautica Italiana had seen action in the Ethiopian War in 1935, deploying up to 386 aircraft against the Imperial Ethiopian Air Force, which fielded only 15 transport and liaison aircraft. According to official estimates, Italian civilian victims of bombing numbered around 60,000. This was the best year for the Italian torpedo bombers and also the year when the SM.84, the SM.79’s successor was introduced. It was quick, well-armed, and had a long-range. the Italian mainland consisted mainly of training, transit, transport, sea reconnaissance, convoy escort, and limited bomber and torpedo-bomber operations from certain mainland bases. According to Italian historian Alberto Rosselli, the original target of the bombers was in fact Haifa, with its port and refineries, but the Italian planes were intercepted by British aircraft. 1 extra prototype completed in ground attack version, see Dorati, C.A.N.S.A. Various shots of wreckage of Italian aeroplane. It was easy and economical to operate and maintain. It was powered by four Piaggio P.XII eighteen-cylinder air-cooled radial engines capable of producing 1,500HP. The Italian Army had suffered heavy losses for only limited gains during World War One and in common with the other combatant nations the Army was drastically reduced in size and influence following the 1918 armistice. Related essays: Dambusters Blitzkrieg Kamikaze pilots De Havilland Mosquito P-51 Mustang World War 2 RADAR There are a total of [ 23 ] WW2 Italian Bomber Aircraft (1939-1945) entries in the Military Factory. A list of aircraft used by Italy during World War II until its capitulation to the Allies in September 1943. See more ideas about aircraft, italian air force, wwii aircraft. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The bombers below were produced in large numbers, served their respective air or naval forces as a standard type for an extended period of time and had a significant impact on the war. Italian soldiers in action at Amba Arad during the invasion of Abyssinia 1935-36. Thanks to its automatic pull-up dive brakes, the Stuka could recover from a dive even if the pilot was unconscious. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). See more ideas about aircraft art, airplane art, aviation art. Oct 29, 2016 - Explore Tobin Chandler's board "ww2 Italian Bombers" on Pinterest. 3 was also used as a torpedo bomber by the Italian Navy, which operated them out of coastal naval air stations. Though it was reliable and effective, the IMAM Ro.57bis entered production too late in the war for its presence to be felt. The Airone had a crew of five. Giant Scale RC WW2 Italian heavy Bomber Piaggio P108: walk around and disassembling It was, however, prone to weather and climate damage as a result of its wooden construction. Savoya-Marchetti 79 (1300) - 3-engine light day bomber and torpedo bomber, carrying up to 1.2 ton of bombs or two torpedoes. It could carry 7,700 lbs of bombs. It boasted a maximum speed of 216mph, a range of 1,300 miles, a service ceiling of 20,000 feet, and a bomb load of 8,818 lbs. Italian Piaggio P.108 bomber in 1942 A list of aircraft used by Italy during … It had a maximum speed of 285 mph, a cruise speed of 210 mph, and a service ceiling of 24,600 feet. At the time, the Cicogna was arguably the most modern bombing unit in the world. The Savoia-Marchetti SM.82 was a bomber and transport airplane that entered service in 1940. It was operated by a crew of five and could achieve a maximum speed of 270 mph, a cruising speed of 210 mph, a service ceiling of 26,000 feet, and a range of 1,710 miles. When the war broke out, the Airone was used extensively in the Greek and North African campaigns. The Alcione was powered by three Piaggio P.XI R.C.40 fourteen-cylinder radial piston air-cooled engines, each producing 999HP. Commonly known as the Alcione (Kingfisher), the CANT Z.1007 was a tri-engine medium bomber operated by the Regia Aeronautica Italiana from 1939. Renderosity - a digital art community for cg artists to buy and sell 2d and 3d content, cg news, free 3d models, 2d textures, backgrounds, and brushes The Piaggio P.108 Bombardiere was a quad-engine heavy bomber that entered service with the Regia Aeronautica Italiana in 1941. It was powered by a pair of Fiat A.80 R.C.41 eighteen-cylinder radial piston air-cooled engines. Aircraft marked in pink were captured, while aircraft in blue did not progress past prototypes. Overall, these numbers meant little in the war, and almost no other results were recorded by Italian bombers. It was also used by Hungary, Venezuela, and Croatia. Italy’s Warplanes. An intelligence report “Torpedo bomber (Italian SM-79)” on the Italian Savoia-Marchetti SM-79 (or S.79) torpedo bomber and its tactics published on January 1943 by Intelligence Bulletin the monthly magazine published by US Military Intelligence Service (see Lonesentry.com). Among the Italian warplanes to see action in the Battle of Britain was the Fiat BR.20, a twin-engine, medium bomber.. First introduced in 1936, the BR.20 had already flown missions against republican forces in the Spanish Civil War.Japan too had ordered 80 of the machines and by the end of the 1930s were using them with some success in China. The Breda Ba.88 Lince (Lynx) was a dual engine, two crew, all-metal monoplane with a high mounted wing. It was intended to hit only Manama, in British Bahrain, but by mistake one of the Italian bombers bombed -without big damage- also Dhahran, in -until then- neutral Saudi Arabia. This was witnessed in the North African and Russian campaigns. It had an armament of four 7.7 mm machine guns, and it could carry up to 2,646 lbs of bombs. Thanks to their reliability and long-range, a handful of modified SM.82 and SM.75aircraft succeeded in carrying out several long-range bomber missions. VIDEO: ITALIAN FIGHTING FORCES DURING WW2. It was used extensively by Spain, Italy, and the Republic of China. The Fiat BR.20 Cicogna (Italian for Stork) was a low altitude medium bomber that entered service in 1936. It was also used by the Luftwaffe in troop evacuations in the later stages of the war. The aircraft is a Savoia Marchetti S.79 with insignias before the war. The new leader of Italy, Benito Mussolini, combined an authoritarian approach to domestic affairs with an … This is a nice reproduction of an original WW2 photograph showing several Italian bombers over North Africa. The number grew to 281 by the end of the year. World War II was the first major war to feature widespread bombing.While some nations--such as the United States and Great Britain--built long-range, four-engine aircrafts, others chose to focus on smaller, medium bombers. After that Italy was divided in two states, the Axis Italian Social Republic in the north and the Allied Italian kingdom in the south. Italian Navy (Regia Navale) Mussolini hoped that the Regia Navale would play an important part in any Mediterranean war. It had an armament of three 12.7 mm machine guns, and it could carry up to 441 lbs of bombs. It was also used as a transport aircraft. The Cicogna was used by the Regia Aeronautica Italiana in operations over North Africa, France, Britain, Malta, the Soviet Union, as well as Greece and Albania. WW2 Italian Bombers by geoffgeoffp. It first saw combat in the Spanish Civil War, where it was able to operate without fighter support thanks to its high maximum speed. It also carried 1 550 lb bomb underneath the fuselage and 4 110 lb bombs underneath the wings. the Italian fighter planes of world war 2. It was designed as a light bomber and ground attack aircraft, but it was found useful as an effective reconnaissance plane. The Regia Aeronautica Italiana used the Ca.133 extensively in Africa, Spain, and Europe as a bomber, transport, and reconnaissance aircraft. It was therefore decided to upgrade several transport planes into aircraft capable of hitting targets considered out of reach of Italy’s conventional bomber force. Italian Bomber Formation Over North Africa. This category contains bomber aircraft used by Italy during World War II. It could carry a bomb load of 2,645 lbs internally or 2,200 lbs externally on underwing hardpoints. Unedited material. Despite these impressive statistics, the Caproni Ca.135’s production and operation were marred by anarchy and politics. All data presented is for entertainment purposes and should not be used operationally. It was quite successful in the war, and it was used extensively by the Regia Aeronautica Italiana as well as the German Luftwaffe. It was operated by a crew of four or five and could achieve a maximum speed of 227 mph, a cruising speed of 217 mph, a service ceiling of 21,300 feet, and a range of 745 miles. It served in reconnaissance and bombing roles. Click Here to Receive My E-mail Newsletters!! Horizontal bombing proved to be a failure and only dive bombers and torpedo-bombers achieved some results. The Italians were then ordered to drop their loads on the Tel Aviv port before returning to base, and the fact that their bombs hit residential targets was simply a mistake. It was also used as an air-sea rescue plane. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. This list may not reflect recent changes (). The Airone was initially powered by a trio of 610HP Piaggio Stella P.IX radial engines. It was one of the most experienced air arms going into the war. 3 was well protected with two to four ring-mounted Revelli machine guns that were operated by a forward gunner and a tail gunner. Italian bombers. It had an armament of six 12.7mm and two 7.7mm machine guns. It had an armament of three 7.7 mm machine guns, and it could carry up to 880 lbs of bombs. It also carried a load of 4,409 lbs. However, in the Mediterranean Campaigns, the Z.506 was prone to engine failure, and it was often forced to land in Spain. Pages in category "World War II Italian bombers" The following 15 pages are in this category, out of 15 total. This was the best year for the Italian torpedo bombers and also the year when the SM.84, the SM.79's successor was introduced. The Ca.311 was a dual-engine light bomber introduced into the Regia Aeronautica in 1940. Both countries had their own Air Force fitted with formerly used Italian aircraft and other nation's planes. It was armed with two 12.7 mm and two 7.7 mm machine guns. The Caproni Ca.135 was designed by Cesare Pallavicino and it entered service with the Regia Aeronautica Italiana in early 1938. Primarily designed as a medium bomber, the IL-4 almost always could fly on strategic missions reserved for long range bombers.Most notably, the IL-4 was heavily used as a long-range bomber while bombing Berlin in 1941. It was used mainly as a torpedo bomber. Victor Sierra However, many would agree that the Italian Royal Air Force (or the Regia Aeronautica Italiana) and their bomber planes was poised to play a significant, if not pivotal, role in the war to come. German mountain-rangers with Italian soldiers during anti-partisan operation in Yugaslavia. It was also quite vulnerable to enemy fighters. Despite a good record in the pre-war Schneider trophy races, Italian war planes, including bombers such as the Caproni 133, were almost universally fitted with underpowered radial engines when Italy entered the war in 1940. It was developed in the early 1930s as a high-speed transport aircraft with a passenger capacity of eight. When World War 2 began in 1939, the Regia Aeronautica held more than 33 world records. However, it did not enter production until 1943. It was easy to control and quite powerful. 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